During the 2nd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2008, Tokyo), the "Children's Education Group" focused on the issues of public education and financial support in the Philippines, especially on the following themes: "high dropout rates", "families with low income", "child labor (human trafficking)", "malnutrition", and "lack of educational facilities". There were opinions that family, community and schools should provide comprehensive support for the children.
Members of the Children's Education Group organized meetings and exchanged opinions during the visit of the Japanese groups to the Philippines. Also, in the Philippines, the Maligaya House conducted the "Dinner for Cause" together with DAWN in 2010.
In the 3rd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2010, Davao), the Visayan Forum made a presentation on the actual status of human trafficking and various support issues. The group visited their facilities, exchanged opinions with police officers and Coast Guards, and re-acknowledged the importance of coordinating with the concerned authorities and agencies to protect children's rights.
Children's Health (Maternal and Child Health)
In the 2nd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2008, Tokyo), the Children's Health (Maternal and Child Health) Group pointed out that the "high maternal and infant mortality rate" was the most serious problem of maternal and child health care in the Philippines. Included in their discussion were the topics of "undesired pregnancies", "disparity of public health facilities and its service between areas", "lack of primary health care knowledge", "lack of government budget" and "nursing brain-drain".
Moreover, a health programs' sustainability often depended on the funding, and in order to maintain the program's sustainability, the group discussed that the beneficiary community must have ownership of the project, and must have close coordination with the government.
November 18, 2008
"Peace Building and the Status of Maternal and Child Health in Mindanao, Philippines"
The Asian Health Institute (AHI) and the Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP) conducted a learning session with Ms. Napsalita Salah, representative of " Pasasanbao Integrated Health Services (PIHS),", an NGO based in General Santos in Southern Mindanao, as a part of the thematic group sessions. In this learning session, Ms. Napsalita Salah reported on the current status of Philippine poverty and health, and the lack of medical supplies and healthcare workers.
Agriculture and Rural Development
During the 2nd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2008, Tokyo), in the session of the "Agriculture and Rural Development Group", the Asian Health Institute (AHI) and OISCA Japan gave presentations on their activities. The group exchanged opinions on agriculture skills training programs and the efforts of past Japanese NGO workers and alumni.
In order to promote sustainable farming and rural development, the group concluded that the existence of farmers' organizations and the empowerment of local communities are very much needed. In order to achieve this common goal, it is necessary to promote information sharing and mutual understanding.
In the 3rd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2010, Davao), the group visited a fair trade shop in Davao, learned about goods such as paper made from durian skin, and discussed the possibilities of selling farm products and fair trade.
Minority Groups (Indigenous Groups)
During the thematic group session of 2nd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2008, Tokyo), two Philippine NGO representatives gave a presentation on the human rights, environment, and land issues faced by indigenous people in the Philippines. These were primarily caused by the deprivation of ancestral lands and environmental destruction by mining.
During the 3rd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2010, Davao), the group added "Muslims in Mindanao (Moro)" to the discussion theme. The group made an action plan for building a consensus addressing the issues faced by indigenous peoples and Muslims, and for responding to emergency issues for the communities such as health.
During the 2nd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2008, Tokyo) peace-building group session, representatives of Japanese and Philippine NGOs and international authorities made a presentation on the current situation of the conflict in Mindanao, an analysis of causes of the conflict and their responses and support actions. It was discussed that the primary causes of the conflict are land and underground resource ownership issues. Also discussed were the various methods for Japanese NGO intervention.
In the 3rd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2010, Davao), the group discussed the need for information exchange between NGOs and other sectors, and especially focused on the need to grasp and understand the various types of activities of NGOs in Mindanao.
November 2, 2009
"The Status of the Mindanao Conflict and Refugees by Mr. Tomo Matsui, a resident of Mindanao"
Mr. Tomo Matsui, director of the Mindanao Children's Library Foundation, Inc. (Head Office: Kidapawan City, Cotabato, Mindanao), lived in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao with 400 thousand refugees displaced due to the breakout of the armed conflict in August, 2008. He made a video presentation on the sufferings endured by the refugees, and discussed the situation of support activities and the activities of the library.
July 22, 2010
"Peace-Building in Mindanao: JICA's Program and the Participation of People's Organizations"
Ms. Jazminda Lumang, executive director of the IBON Foundation, Inc., gave a presentation on the approaches used and challenges faced by the Philippine government in its peace-building efforts in Mindanao. A representative from the 3rd division (South-East Asian Division) of JICA made a presentation on JICA's approaches for peace building in recent years.
Filipino Workers in Japan and Returnees to the Philippines
In the 2nd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2008, Tokyo), 6 groups and various individuals who work in this field made presentations on their activities. The group discussed issues such as low wages, poor working conditions (e.g. unpaid wages), difficulties faced like inadequate access to medical facilities, second-class perception of the workers, and lack of knowledge.
During the 3rd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (2010, Davao), DAWN and DAWN-Japan made a presentation on the skills-training for women who returned to the Philippines after working in Japan as entertainers. In relation to these women, also discussed were the advocacy actions between Japan and the Philippines for the rights of their children (Japanese Filipino Children or JFC). The group also discussed enhancing the sales route for the "fair trade" goods the women made, and the policy and advocacy structure in Japan.
May 20, 2010
"Learning Session on Japanese Filipino Children"
Ms. Calmerita G. Nuqui of the Development Action for Women Network（DAWN), that works with Japanese Filipino Children and their families, made a presentation on the hardships experienced by Japanese Filipino Children and their families. She also discussed DAWN's activities.
Japanese Descendants Residing in the Philippines
This thematic group started at the 3rd Japan-Philippines NGO Symposium (Davao, 2010). The Philippine Nikkei-Jin Legal Support Center made a video presentation on the pre-war and wartime suffering of the people and families displaced during that period. The group also visited the Japanese Historical Museum and had an interaction with an actual descendant of one of the Japanese displaced by the war. She explained her ethnical background and talked about the experiences of her ancestors.